7,000 children under 5 died of malnutrition today.
It is said that Cato the Elder was so passionate about the losses in the Punic Wars, the threat of further aggression and the desire to impose a total punitive destruction to strike fear into all who might think to raise arms against Rome, that he finished every speech with the famous phrase Carthago delenda est – “Carthage must be destroyed”. No matter what the subject of the speech, whether it be tax policy or proposals for new buildings or whatever was discussed in the Roman Senate, he would finish on this note: Ceterum autem censeo Carthaginem esse delendam – “Furthermore, I consider that Carthage must be destroyed”. A Facebook post I recently read asked, if you were to add such a coda to your own speeches, what would it be? This was my answer: 7,000 children under 5 died of malnutrition today.
I’m getting this statistic from the WHO, who say that 5.9 million children under the age of 5 died in 2015, and about 45% of all child deaths are linked to malnutrition. Multiplying those two together and dividing by 365, I get that ignoring seasonal and random variation and suchlike, around 7,000 children under 5 died of malnutrition today. This number is going down dramatically; the progress in the fight against poverty and malnutrition over the last decade has been truly astounding and is showing no sign of stopping. Still, that’s a heck of a lot. If a dramatic event in the news that kills 50 people is a tragedy, then this is that tragedy 140 times a day, nearly once every ten minutes, and the victims are all children under 5. The parents right now weeping for sons and daughters lost while I wrote this would fill the Faraday Theatre.
I don’t even believe that this is humanity’s biggest problem, or anywhere close. There seems to be a decent chance that through one means or another we could drive ourselves extinct in the decades to come, destroying not only all the value we have today but the unthinkably greater value we could hope to create in the vast future ahead of us. This is why my own donations have gone not to poverty-related charities, but charities like CSER, FHI, and MIRI, that aim to avoid this fate. But issues around existential risk are unfamiliar, and sometimes when considering this or that issue of the day, it’s good to have an easily understood, really big issue in mind to lend perspective. I’ll post a link to this essay in the usual places in a moment, but I’m seriously considering re-posting this link possibly on a monthly basis, to make it that bit harder to lose sight of the magnitude of the problems humanity still faces.
In conclusion, 7,000 children under 5 died of malnutrition today.